Software Engineering Practice

People who create computer software practice the art or craft or discipline that is software engineering. But what is software engineering “practice”? in a generic sense, practice is a collection of concepts, principles, methods, and tools that a software engineer calls upon on a daily basis. Practice allows managers to manage software projects and software engineers to build computer programs. Practice populates a software process model with the necessary technical and management how-to’s to get the job done. Practice transforms a haphazard unfocused approach into something that is more organized, more effective, and more likely to achieve success.

Core principles
The dictionary defines the word principle as “an important underlying law or assumption required in a system of thought” throughout this book we discuss principles at many different levels of abstraction. Some focus on software engineering as a whole, others consider a specific generic framework activity (e.g., customer communication), and still others focus on software engineering actions (e.g., architectural design) or technical tasks (e.g., write a usage scenario). Regardless of their level of focus, principles help us establish a mind set for solid software engineering practice. They are important for that reason.

First principle: the reason it all exists

A software system exists for one reason: to provide value to its users. All decisions should be made with this in mind. Before specifying a system requirement, before nothing a piece of system functionality, before determining the hardware platforms or development processes, ask yourself questions such as: does this add real value to the system? If the answer is no, don’t do it. All other principles support this one.

What is the Difference Between a Software Engineer and a Computer Programmer?

The terms software engineer or computer programmer may be confusing to the average computer user. Most of us associate computer programs with the generic term ‘Software’. To us it may seem that the terms are interchangeable. That is not so. The role played by a software engineer is significantly different from that of a computer programmer. Before learning what the difference between a software engineer and a computer programmer is, let us see what is meant by the term software engineering and how it relates to computer programming.

Software engineering is a rigorous approach to development, maintenance and testing of software. These are engineers who must be knowledgeable about software requirements, design, development, maintenance and testing. They must be well versed with the tools and methods used for the development process as a whole. It is thus a convergence of the fields of computer science and systems engineering with a great deal of project management added for good measure. They are expected to have technical skills in addition to managerial skills.

A computer programmer on the other hand, is required to develop, test and maintain code that is to be run on the computer. He is responsible for converting the specifications provided in the software requirements definition phase into working code for the computer. Computer programmers are involved with design and maintenance of websites too. They should be proficient in analysis of programs. They are required to collaborate with manufacturers in developing new methodologies for software with evolution of hardware. Training, documentation and generation of reports are also tasks that should be handled by a computer programmer.

We can observe that the skill set required by a computer programmer is a subset of the skills expected from a software engineer. The computer programmer is a specialist in some areas covered by software engineering. A software engineer is in charge of the overall software development process and is expected to improve the reliability and maintainability of this complex process. A software engineer may have a team of computer programmers working under his supervision. 

Best Online Programs in Software Engineering

Software Engineering mainly deals with designing, documentation, and development of software. It includes best practices in interface designing, digital asset management, computer science, engineering and project management, and various other disciplines. While Computer Science is mainly related to the programming theory, it concentrates on the practice of application development and computer engineering.

The working professionals and the regular students will surely find a suitable online program in Software Engineering which will suit their schedule and their career objectives. The graduates are required for the positions like Developer, Applications Engineer, and many more. With the help of typical coursework the students are offered comprehensive knowledge and skills to classify and document software conditions; apply suitable software design models to software solutions, make use-case situation for the design of the software, plan, apply, and report software testing.

You can choose from a wide variety of online programs:

Bachelor of Science in Information Technology

With the help of this online program you will be learning the comprehensive knowledge of successfully applying different principles and theories of information technology to deal with world business challenges and openings. You will make use of the innovative digital materials in order to build up ability to apply – computer programming, project planning, network technologies, system analysis and design, and web technologies. The curriculum is designed in a manner to develop graduates to work at various information technology positions along with capabilities, attitudes, skills required to be successful at the workplace.

Master of Science in Computer Science

If you are looking to boost your credentials and want to move ahead in the ever changing field of software engineering then this online program is for you. The impact of information technology has developed a requirement to make and develop new computer systems and to add in new technologies. The best and successful companies realize the requirement of the software engineers, who are capable of applying various methods and principles of computer science in order to make efficient system which can enable the computers to carry out different applications.

Master in Software Engineering

This online program offers complete comprehension of the latest technologies and tools which are being developed and includes technical, managerial, and behavioral characteristics. The engineering track is mainly planned for those who are interested in different methods to model engineering issues and other software solutions.

Associate in Applied Science
There is a great demand for the professionals who are capable of designing, developing and applying specialized software systems. This online program is designed to organize the students to build a rewarding career in the field of software engineering. The careers in software engineering comprises of Computer Systems Analysts, Computer Scientists, Software Publishers, and many more.

Above mentioned online programs in software engineering will help you in applying for the jobs which will provide you with software engineering experience.